Grain is an ideal basic food because it contains nutrients that are essential to humans. The edible part of the grain kernel consists of three parts: the germ, the starch and the outer layer, the bran. When grain kernels are flattened the germ and the bran remain intact. These are rich in vitamin B, minerals and fibre.
Most of the grain kernel consists of starch that gives energy. Vitamin B is necessary for the digestion of the starch and it is precisely this vitamin that is found in the outer layer of the kernel. We also need vitamin B to regulate the various processes in the body and to protect the nerves.
Although we do not digest fibre it acts as a natural laxative and stimulates the absorption of nutrients in the intestine. Another advantage of fibre is that it quickly creates a long-lasting feeling of being satiated.
The advantage of cereal flakes over many grains is that the body absorbs the nutrients more easily.